The independent city of Oberhausen is situated in North-Rhine Westphalia. The city belongs to the western Ruhr area. As the first city that put an ironworks into operation, it is a forerunner of industry in the region which is why it gets the nickname of “the cradle of industry in the Ruhr”. The city is located on a lowland plain where the river Ruhr and Emscher flow into one another. Despite the many vacant positions in the municipal area, the unemployment rate is very high. In the last few years the number of inhabitants has gradually declined. The shopping centre Centro, which is well-known on a national level, is located in the city-centre and it is a symbol of modern Oberhausen.
Oberhausen is a real transport hub. 16 motorway exits are on the border of the city from the A 2, the A 3, the A 40, A 42, A 59 and A 516. From here there are several main roads that lead to the city.
Düsseldorf Airport which is also an international transport connection, can be reached in less than 30 minutes by car.
Oberhausen railway station provides several local and long-distance transport connections.
First of all, Oberhausen is divided into three urban districts. Then the districts are divided again into separate districts, 26 in number, whereby they are split into sub districts. The district of Königshardt is considered to be a beautiful part of the Ruhr area. A good infrastructure has been built for the inhabitants with the motorway access to the A 2, the district is very well developed. Both the bordering forest areas of Hiesfelder Wald in the North as well as Sterkrader Wald in the West, invite you to come and unwind.
The district of Klosterhardt is actually a purely residential area. The land here is somewhat hilly which does not phase its inhabitants, if anything they consider it to be a good feature. There are plenty of opportunities for shopping in Klosterhardt.
A landmark of the city of Oberhausen is the Schloss Oberhausen „Oberhausen Palace“. It was once a manor house on the river Emscher. Today, the Ludwig Gallerie Schloss Oberhausen is located in the building which was very badly damaged during the Second World War. The palace and the palace garden now belong to The Industrial Heritage Trail. The palace was built between 1804 and 1818. Previously, the original complex stood a few metres away and this dates back to the 12th Century.
The new building was built for Maximilian Friedrich von Westerholt-Gysenberg and his wife Friederike Karoline von Bretzenheim. Alongside the building, you should also go and visit the connecting Imperial Gardens. It serves the population of Oberhausen as a local recreation area in the heart of the city. The Imperial Garden extends over a surface area of 5.5 hectares and it also accommodates, amongst others, an animal park with more than 60 species of animal.
The old market is the central market square in Oberhausen. Here you will find another landmark of Oberhausen, the triumphal column. The square in itself has been in existence since 1856, the triumphal column was erected in 1876. It is supposed to be a reminder of the wars which befell the city between 1864 and 1871. There are several shops around the marketplace and catering establishments. In the North there is the Catholic Church “Herz Jesu” (Heart of Jesus) which was built in 1911.
A more recent landmark of Oberhausen is the Gasometer. It reminds you of a period of industrialisation and it was built between 1927 and 1929. At first it was a disc-type gas holder in which waste products were stored. Later it served the coke plant in Osterfeld as a coke oven gas storage and it was in operation until 1988. Since 1994 it has been an exhibition venue which was converted for the IBA Emscher Park. The Gasometer has a viewing platform from which you can get a panoramic view over Oberhausen.
Typical for the history of the city is the LVR museum of industry. It is located on the West wide of the railway station. The permanent exhibition at the Rheinisches Landesmuseum für Industrie- und Sozialgeschichte, „the Federal State Museum for Industry and Social History“, will demonstrate everything all you need to know about the 150 years history of iron and steel on the river Rhine and the Ruhr river. Every year, alternating theme-based exhibitions take place which are thematically suitable for the museum. In 2008, a branch of the museum was opened. The „St.Antony.Hütte“ is reminiscent of the first ironworks in the Ruhr area and it was built more than 250 years ago. There are also a lot of other branches that belong to the museum which you can go and take a look at such as the central museum depot Peter Behrens Building or the Oberhausen Museum platform in the main railway station.
A sea water exhibition can be seen at Sealife in Oberhausen. Submerge yourself in the world of marine life, this is also very interesting for children. It is the largest museum run by this provider and it has many more in various other cities.
In the restaurant Hackbarths you can enjoy good cuisine. Apart from the fast food restaurants that are scattered across the city-centre, you can also experience haute cuisine here. The dishes on offer comprise both facets of German cuisine as well as Mediterranean food which is popular. Therefore you can try the roast beef with bacon and onions, this dish will set you back 38 euros. A little less hearty but no less tasty is a salad dish for which you will pay 8.50 euros.