Stockholm is the capital city of Sweden. It is not only the largest city in Sweden itself but also in the whole of Scandinavia. Around 30% of the city area comprises water. In the past, the metropolitan area was made up of even more small islands than our present day in which many of them were consolidated. The city has been inhabited since the 13th century and at that time Scandinavia was 1/3 smaller than what it is today as a result of the islands. The seat of the Kings of Sweden are located in Stockholm, the city is a bishop city as well as the economic and cultural area of the country.
You can travel to Stockholm by boat which is definitely going to be an adventure for you in itself. Whether you take a cruise ship or you take the car ferry from Poland, Finland or the Baltic region, is up to you. It is also an easy journey to make by plane, there are 4 airports dotted around the metropolitan area and 2 of them are used by international airlines. The Arlanda airport is located 35 km away from the city-centre, the Skavsta airport is situated approx. 100 km away. With the opening of the Oresund Bridge between Sweden and Denmark, you can also travel by train.
Since the year 2007, Stockholm has been divided into 14 urban districts. The district of Skarpnäck lies to the South of Stockholm. There are around 40,000 inhabitants living in the whole area. It is astonishing that many people live in detached and semidetached houses. In the peripheral area there are only a few apartment buildings.
The urban district of Rinkeby-Kista has around 46,000 inhabitants. With the integration of both districts Rinkeby and Kista, it became a district in itself in the year 2007. There is also the district of Husby in this urban district which has the highest proportion of migrants in the city at 86%. Kista is also well-known for being an important IT centre in Sweden. The district is characterised by the establishment of important IT and mobile telecommunication companies. There are also two important universities located here.
It is on the island of Stadsholmen where the city-centre of Stockholm lies. The old town is still shaped by the medieval urban landscape. The roads are laid out from North to South and the further you get to the shores of the lake, the more the narrow streets resemble one another.
In the North of the island there are city palaces which are reminiscent of Sweden ́s superpower era. It is worth seeing the the Riddarhuset for example which translates as the knight ́s mansion in English and which was built between 1641 and 1674. It adopted the role of a meeting house for the Swedish aristocracy. Still today it functions as a society house for nobles who celebrate their festivals and events in the ornately furnished rooms.
The Bondesche Palais is also a palace that is worth seeing. It dates back to the time between 1662 and 1673. The building is located directly on the water and there is an interesting baroque garden in front of it. The building that you see today was not developed until the mid-18th Century because a fire destroyed the entire building including the cellar rooms. It is a listed building and part of the national museum is housed here.
The landmark of the city of Stockholm is Stockholm Palace. It is the royal palace that was built between 1690 and 1750. It is also time and again referred to as the most remarkable baroque building in Scandinavia. The palace is a four-wing construction in the middle of which the palace courtyard is situated. The Swedish royal family uses it as an office, it is no longer lived in. For that reason, parts of the palace are open for sightseeing purposes. Today, several museums and exhibitions such as the palace museum or the treasure chamber can be found in the palace. What is interesting is if you are at the palace at 12.15pm, this is when the changing of the guard takes place on the palace square.
The Vasa-Museum in Stockholm is well-known on global scale. In 1990the maritime museum opened its doors and since then it has counted more than 1 million visitors. The eponym and main attraction is the war ship Vasa that sunk in 1628 and which is exhibited here. It was on a maiden voyage and up to 96% of it is exhibited. The museum deals with the building of the ship and its recovery. It also explores how people lived on board a ship so you will learn all kinds of informative things. In addition to this there are, however, other maritime exhibits that form part of the museum.
In the Nordiska Museum you will get an insight into the Swedish world. More than 1.5 million exhibition pieces and 250,000 books bring you a step closer to everyday life in Sweden. You will find out which customs and traditions there are and the way in which they have changed throughout the years. The inside of the museum is almost just as interesting as the building itself. It is situated in a palatial building in the renaissance style and it has manysmall pinnacled towers.
The elegant restaurant complex of the Operakällaren is located in the royal opera of Stockholm. It comprises several rooms in which you will find a café, the restaurant, a tavern etc. The restaurant is continually awarded with worldwide prizes and titles.