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Speyer lies in the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Rhine flows to the East of the town borders. Speyer is a very interesting town on a cultural level. Speyer provides various tourist attractions as a result of its long history which began in ancient times. Speyer was an important centre during the Roman Times. The Speyerer cathedral is the landmark of the town and it is one of the largest preserved Roman buildings. It is not for nothing that it constitutes a UNESCO World-Heritage Site.
If you want to arrive at Speyer by plane, you can select the destination airports of either Frankfurt of Stuttgart. Both of them are situated around 1 hour ́s drive from the town.
The federal motorway A 61 runs in a northerly direction through the town and from which you can change on to the A 6. Speyer is also well connected to the main roads and many of which go past the town.
The main railway station in Speyer is frequented on a daily basis by regional trains and with which you can travel to the next larger railway station to Mannheim. It is connected to the ICE network. .
Speyer can be divided into 5 urban districts. Speyer Nord is the most northern district of Speyer. The motorway 61 runs through this district. In the district itself, there are several business parks which are important for the inhabitants. The inhabitants are supplied with all of the everyday things with a well-developed infrastructure such as a primary and a secondary school amongst others.
Speyer West is almost an exclusively residential area. In the North East, there is a large business park but this actually belongs to Speyer. The district only has one employer which brings more than 1000 workers into the district on a daily basis: the Deutsche Rentenversicherung „German Pension Insurance“.
For more than 1000 years, the cathedral in Speyer has graced the urban landscape. The Kaiserdom is a landmark of the town. It belongs to the UNESCO World-Heritage Site because it is one of the most well preserved Roman churches in Europe. The church was consecrated in the year 1061 and only a short time later there were the first renovations.
You should definitely visit the crypt. It is the oldest feature of the church and it dates back to the year 1041. The crypt served as a grave location for eight German emperors and kings, four queens and a few bishops. You can go and look at the emperor ́s hall in the Western part of the building during the summer months. It has been open to the public since the year 2012. One of the reasons for this was definitelybecause the frescos, which were removed during the cathedral renovation, had to be exhibited somewhere. In the West tower, you have the opportunity to climb up to a lookout platform. At around 60metres above the earth, it is not only Speyer that will offer you a wonderful view. In good weather, you can also look at as far as 50 km.
The Historische Rathaus „historical town hall“ in Speyer dates from the years 1712 until 1726. It was erected in the style of the late Baroque period. Until the end of the 19th Century, the building was gladly used by visitors of other rulers. Today, concerts are held in the old council hall which has been preserved in the rococo style. Today, weddings can be held in the old city archive building.
The long history of the town of Speyer also caters for a colourful range of museums. The museum SchPIRA will bring you a step closer to the town ́s Jewish history. In the year 2010, the museum opened its doors for the first time. Several exhibits of Jewish life in the town are displayed here. At one point, they would have all been visible in the town itself such as fragments of the round arches from the 12th Century or the gravestones from the 14th Century.
It is also worth seeing the „Historische Museum der Pfalz“. Roman and medieval exhibitions are the centrepiece of the exhibition. The museum presents five permanent exhibitions thatdeal with the cultural history of the Palatinate region: prehistory, the Roman Times, cathedral treasury, modern times and the wine museum. In order to be able to also provide visitors with a temporary exhibition, the museum that was built in 1910 was extended in the 1980 ́s. Several interesting exhibitions take place in the extension building. With more than 400,000 visitors per year, the museum is the mostfrequently visited in the whole of Germany.
You should also pay a visit to the Technikmuseum Speyer. It is situated near to the airport and it presents you with a unique collection from automotive and aircraft construction. The museum stretches over 25,000 square metres for the interior surface area and 100,000 square metres forthe outdoor surface. You can observe a Boeing 747 on the grounds outside.
The Palatinate cuisine is prevalent. In the restaurant AvantGarthe which is in direct proximity to the cathedral and to the pedestrian zone, you should go and try out the food. The menu offers some interesting dishes, all of which are freshly prepared. As this is the most important aspect of Palatinate cuisine. You can choose from a 200 g burger with chips and BBQ sauce for 17 euros or a fried char fillet with side orders for 22 euros.