The independent city of Passau is located in the federal state of Bavaria. Passau belongs to the governmental district of Lower Bavaria and here it is the second largest city with almost 50,000 inhabitants. The Eastern border of the city lies at Austria. Alongside the Bavarian Forest, a characteristic feature of the urban landscape is the confluence of three rivers which come from the North, South and West. The Danube, the Inn and the Ilz, make the city well worth a visit. The history of the city is over 2000 years old and the historical old town is very well preserved. Passau also made a name for itself as a university and diocesan city.
You can reach Passau via the two federal motorways A 3 and A 94. The main railway station in Passau is frequented by an ICE on the Frankfurt-Vienna line every two hours. The main railway station is located 10 minutes on foot from the city-centre.
If you would like to arrive by plane, the airport in Linz is the nearest situated and it is around 70 km away. Also the airport in Munich, which is 145 km away, will bring you near to Passau.
The city structure of Passau was devised in light of statistics. First Passau is divided into urban districts, 8 in number, then the municipal area is also divided into 16 citizen assembly regions. The district of Grubweg in North East Passau was first incorporated into Passau in 1972. Until then, the municipality was independent and it also saw no reason for the incorporation. The district still retains its rustic charm today and the approx. 8000 residences are scattered far and wide.
The district with the largest surface area is Heining, it is comprised of 17 municipal districts. The district was first mentioned as early as the year 781, the municipality of Heining was founded in the early 19th Century. The district is very important for the economy in the district, several large companies have settled here and there is also a really large business park. Nonetheless, the area is predominantly shaped by agriculture.
The Cathedral of Passau is located on an elevation directly in the old town. The Inn and the Danube flow directly past it. The St. Stephen Cathedral in Passau is not only the Episcopal residence but also the largest cathedral West of the Alps. The baroque building was erected in 1668 but the building dates back as early as bishop ́s church which has been in existence since the year 720. Some symbols of the Gothic structure can be found at the cathedral such as the cathedral dome and thus the baroque cathedral with its Gothic spirit, remains a topic of conversation time and again. On the inside, you should take a look at the stuccos and frescos, which look very imposing particularly in the central nave. The organ which was built in 1928, is the largest on a world-wide scale.
The Veste Oberhausen are also worth seeing. The fortress is located on the left side of the river Danube on the 150 metre high Georgsburg. The founding of the Burg dates back to the year 1219. For many years it was the residence of the bishops of Passau. Today, it is home to the Oberhausmuseum.
The long history of the city of Passau is the reason for its large museum landscape which you can experience in the city. Alongside the Oberhausmuseum, which comprises a city museum and an art gallery, you should also visit the cathedral treasury museum. It is located at the Residenzplatz, there where the old residence and the new residence are interconnected. The exhibition includes approx. 200 masterpieces of Roman to Baroque art.
The glass museum of Passau is also interesting and it demonstrates European glass from 1650 to 1950. Globally it is the largest collection of glasses from Bavaria, Bohemia, Austria and Silesia. The exhibition extends over 25 rooms in which you will not only find glass but you will also get information about how the glass was manufactured and enhanced.
The Stadttheater Passau is well-known far beyond the boundaries of the city. Of course it may also be as a result of its long history which stretches back to the year 1645. The former Ballhaus is now the regional theatre in Lower Bavaria. Today, with 350 seats, the theatre presents exhibitions from opera, plays and musicals.
Passau is rich in restaurants. More than 130 restaurants, cafes and taverns are located in this district. Thus you have a great selection. The cuisine in Passau offers you all kinds of delicacies. The dishes are partly inspired by the Austrian cuisine.
The Gasthaus 3 Linden is located directly by the cathedral. The central location and the good food is very interesting. Here you will be served Bavarian, modern dishes. The selection of meat dishes is very large and you can mostly select the side orders yourself. You will pay 20 euros for a steak. You can get tasty and moderately priced Bavarian specialties here.