Lisbon is the capital city of Portugal. The city is located in the very South West of Europe on the Atlantic Coast. Lisbon is the largest city in Portugal and it is also the economic and cultural centre of the country. The city is lies on 7 hills if the small elevations are not included. There arenot only high numbers of tourists in the summer months. Many historical tourist sites in the city area tell a story that began approx. 1000 years before the birth of Christ.
The journey to Lisbon can take place conveniently and simply via Portela International Airport. It lies 7 km away from the city-centre which you can cover by shuttle bus. From Germany, the journey by train is not to be recommended, there are no direct connections. You would have to change several times so the journey becomes protracted. If you arrive by car and you want to quickly reach your destination with the motorways in Portugal, you should bear in mind that there are high toll charges.
Since 2013 and after lengthy discussion, Lisbon has been divided up into 24 municipalities. Belém is a district which lies in the West of Lisbon. The district is rich in historical tourist sights whereas in the city-centre there are only a few that are older than 1755. It was in this year that an earthquake destroyed many historical buildings, Belém remained almost untouched. In this district, the Torre de Belém also represents part of the UNESCO World-Heritage Site. Belém is also very popular amongst the local inhabitants who enjoy using the beach.
Benfica is a green district in Lisbon. Although a rapid increase in population was recorded during the 1950 ́s and 1960 ́s, this has decreased in the last few years. Many older people live here, the younger people rather move into the centre of Lisbon.
The “Fortification Castello de Sao Jorge” reigns over the city of Lisbon. The entire grounds comprise approx. 6000 m². Here you can also feast your eyes on the fortress ruins which were destroyed by the earthquake in 1755. Parts of the fortress tower can still be seen, sentinels and also the castle moat. In the year 1938, the fortification was extensively renovated. In order to reach the fortification, you need to master the steep steps. The view that you will get over the city will, however, reward you for your efforts.
The Torre de Belém is one of the landmarks of the city of Lisbon. It was built between 1515 and 1521 in the Manueline style by King Manuel I. It served less as a defense but rather as an orientation. The sailors who were returning home are said to have followed the tower that for many years stood on a small island in front of the city. Afterwards it was used as a lighthouse, today it is almost connected to the mainland. In order to reach the Torre, you can use the small bridge. There is an observation platform which was created 35 metres high and from which you can look far out to the sea.
The Mosteiro dos Jerónimos also constitutes a UNESCO World-Heritage Site. The hieronymite monastery which is its name when translated, was built between the years 1501 and 1601. Up until 1705, several members of the royal family were buried in the monastery. The building is approx. 300 metres long and this only really comes into full effect with the park which is laid out in front of the monastery. Today, the marine museum and the archaeological museum are located in the side wings of the monastery building.
The density of the museums in the city of Lisbon is already surprising. So you have a lot of opportunities to discover things in Lisbon. The National Museum for Ancient Art houses several artistic treasures. The building dates back from the 17th Century and that is not the only reason why it is one of the most important museums in Portugal. The focus of the collection is the theme of Portuguese artists. For that reason, many national artists are actively represented in the painting collection. However, there are also renowned international artists such as Dürer or Hohlbein whose works are housed in this museum.
The Museum of Modern Art, also belongs to this museum but it is housed in another building. In this museum you will find works from Picasso and Chagall. Since its opening in the year 2007, it was not long until it became one of the 50 most visited museums worldwide.
Casa da Comida is a gourmet restaurant with a unique atmosphere in Lisbon. Here you will be offered excellent Portuguese cuisine at very high standards. On warm days you can marvel at the wonderfully laid out garden. The restaurant has existed in Lisbon for over 35 years which is very good in light of the fast pace of this city. The typical Portuguese stew with meat and vegetables will cost you 17 euros. Throughout the entire city there are numerous small cafes and bistros in which you can get a snack from time to time and for which will not have to pay lot of money.