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Erlangen is located in the federal state of Bavaria and it belongs to the region of Middle Franconia. The independent city is the smallest of the eight cities in Bavaria with in excess of 100.000 inhabitants. The city is characterised by its seat for the Siemens Company and it is also well-known far beyond the city´s boundaries as a university city. As a result of the settlement of Huguenots, Erlangen played an important role in history.
Erlangen is conveniently situated on the motorways A 3 and A 73. The major road B 4 also leads to the metropolitan area.
You can quickly and easily get to the main railway station in Erlangen by train with the ICE connection between Munich and Berlin. It is very easy to reach the three international airports of Nuremberg, Munich and Frankfurt am Main.
Erlangen is split up into 9 urban districts. There are further divisions into statistical districts and local sub-districts in certain districts. The city planned for the district of Rötelheimpark to be the young urban quarter. And that is indeed the case if you take a look at the age of the inhabitants. The number of children and the number of adults between the ages of 30 and 45 is decidedly higher here than in other districts in the city. The proximity to the city-centre and well-developed infrastructure, ensures that families and children are well catered for here. The parking facilities and green spaces top-off the whole package.
The Markgräfliche Schloss Erlangen, is considered to be the first complete newly designed self-contained baroque ensemble in Franconia. The castle with the castle garden, the orangery and the Konkordienkirche, started being built in 1700 and it was finished in the year 1706. At the start of the 19th Century, a fire broke out and for that reason the castle had to be rebuilt from scratch but it was able to be rebuilt in the same kind of baroque style. Today, the administration for the University of Erlangen is now located in the castle and thus you cannot really look around the castle from the inside. You should, however, take a look at it from the outside and in the meantime you should take a stroll in the castle garden where you will see the Hugenottenbrunnen “Huguenot Fountain”.
The baroque old town, which is now called Neustadt, is a planned community which was designed for the Huguenot refugees. It is deemed to be one of the most unique of its kind on an international scale.
The highest building in Bavaria is also located in Erlangen. The Lange Johann, which is what the residential and commercial building is also called, is 80 meters high and it has 27 floors. The building for the Siemen´s Company is also very interesting. Today it is the administrative building for Siemen´s and it is described as the glass palace due to its aluminum and glass curtain walls.
Today, it is the Altstädter Rathaus „Old Town Hall“ that houses the city museum of Erlangen. The building dates back to the 18th Century and for a long time it served as the town hall before it was renovated and extended in 1989 until 1993. You will be presented with around 100 square meters of exhibition space which will bring the history of the city alive for you. It begins at the time of the first settlement and ends with the significant economic place that we see today. The exhibition on the Huguenot industries is significant and it is even praised time and again on a national level.
Not so well-known but no less interesting is the exhibition on the Antikensammlung der Universität “university collection of antiques”. With around 13,000 exhibits, it is one of the most extensive in the whole of Germany.
The Spezerei Erlangen is a good place to go if you want to eat typical Franconian food. Spezerei means spice shop and even the description alone suggests that you can get good food here. The restaurant is open from Wednesday until Saturday from 5pm and on Sunday´s as early as 11.30am. All year round you can choose options from the regular menu, where you will have a choice of fish, meat and vegetarian dishes. The Swabian raviolis are a classic dish and they are on the menu for 12.80 euros. The selection of food is rounded off with seasonal dishes such as asparagus.
The Unicum is very popular amongst the inhabitants of Erlangen. In the art nouveau villa from the year 1913, you will find a bistro restaurant. In the summer months, you can while away your time in the beer garden and in the event of bad weather and during winter, you can go into the bistro.